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City of Arts & Sciences. Valencia. Spain.

The City of Arts and Sciences is a complex of spectacular modern architecture at the southern, seaward end of the Turia Gardens, created in the old bed of the now diverted River Turia. The architecture, by Valenciano Santiago Caltrava and Mexican Felix Candela, is unquestionably world class. Political and financial controversy has dogged this project from the first proposals drawn up in 1989, through the opening of the final building, the Opera House in 2005, to the present day.